How to Unstick a Tractor in Mud
When snow melts or rain falls, muddy fields are a given. While this precipitation can be good for crop growth, it also increases the chances of operators coming across a soft spot in the soil and getting their tractor and implements stuck in the mud.
When this happens, there are a number of steps that one should take to ensure personal safety and avoid damage to their equipment.
Raise Any Attached Implements
If the wheels on your tractor start to spin, the first thing you should do is raise the implement, should one be attached, and engage the differential lock. Once this is completed, assess the muddy area to determine whether or not you can make it through without getting stuck. If you decide to go through, be sure to keep the implement raised and continue through without stopping.
Stop and Put the Tractor in Reverse
If the mud appears to be too deep to cross, stop the tractor while still keeping the implement raised. Next, adjust the throttle to be about a quarter of the way open before putting the tractor in reverse. Slowly engage the clutch and being reversing away from the muddy spot. If your tractor is still stuck, do not attempt to back up anymore as it will only cause the wheels to dig deeper into the soil.
Dig Into the Mud and Place Boards Behind the Tractor
If the first two steps both fail, start digging the mud away from behind both the front and back wheels before placing boards in line with those wheels. By doing this, operators can create the traction needed to slowly back out of the mud.
Get Assistance from Another Tractor
When all other options fail, you will want to contact another tractor owner to provide some assistance. Ideally, the tractor should be pulled out of the mud backward as it will follow the same ruts that were created when it originally entered the mud. Chains should be hitched between the two tractors from one drawbar to the other and the stuck tractor should be put in reverse. Before attempting to pull the tractor stuck in the mud, first ensure that the equipment being used is on solid ground and that it, and the towing chain, are strong enough for the job.